Are Coneflowers Perennial? (Explained for Beginners)

by Alex Kountry
Updated on

Coneflowers are one of the most popular plants in the garden.

If you’re looking for a flower that is heat and drought-resistant, easy to grow, blooms for months, make great cut flowers, and attracts birds and pollinators, then coneflowers are the best option.

However, knowing what type of plant coneflowers are would go a long way to help you manage it properly.

So, “are coneflowers perennial?” Keep reading to find out!

Are Coneflowers Perennial?

Yes, coneflowers are perennial plants; they possess every feature a perennial plant should have. One such feature is their ability to live long.

Typically, this plant lives for a minimum of three years, but they have a high possibility of living up to fifteen years. 

This makes them a great investment for your garden. You don’t have to replant them every year, and you can enjoy their beauty for many years to come.

Another feature perennial feature coneflowers possess is their ability to have long blooming seasons.

Also, like most perennial plants, coneflower performs best in well-drained soil. A raised bed that can enable proper drainage is best for coneflowers. 

Continue reading to find out more amazing facts about coneflower’s perennial nature. 

Here is an article I wrote on are coneflowers easy to grow

What Is a Perennial Plant?

Perennial plants are plants that live for more than two years. There are three types of plants based on life span, they are; annual, biennial, and perennial plants.

  • The annual plants: These are basically short-lived plants that live for about a year. Their leaves stem and roots die yearly.
  • The biennial plants: These are also short-lived plants; however, they live for about two years.
  • The Perennial plants: Perennial plants, on the other handare expected to live up to three years or more. These kinds of plants have little or no woody growth from trees and shrubs.

Perennial plants have certain features that make them quite exceptional.

  • They have a deep and extensive root system. This feature enables them to hold the soil. This in turn helps them prevent erosion. Their deep roots also enable them to capture dissolved nitrogen.
  • Another major feature of perennial plants is that they appear to die and come back every year.
  • A lot of perennial plants are quite easy to manage. An example is a cornflower. Coneflowers are relatively easy to care for. They don’t need a lot of water or fertilizer, and they can tolerate a wide range of soil types.

 Do Coneflowers Come Back Every Year?

Just like every other perennial plant, coneflowers come back every year.

They usually go dormant during the winter season, although a lot of persons assume they are dead at this point, that’s not the case.

Coneflowers have underground roots which remain alive even when the main plants appear dead.

The roots underneath the ground usually soak up moisture and nutrients and expand for future growth.

Because they come every year they are referred to as low maintenance plants. You don’t have to stress over planting them every year.

To ensure they come back you should cut their stems back to soil level when they wither or after frost. To promote self-seeding, cut back in late winter.

Cut back in late winter or early spring when you’re tidying up the garden.

So, if you’re looking for a beautiful, low-maintenance plant for your garden, coneflowers are a great option.

Can Coneflowers Survive The Winter?

Coneflowers do best in full sun, although, they’ve been found to also tolerate partial shade.

Nonetheless, these plants are versatile plants and so, they’re able to survive in a variety of climates and conditions.

One question that is often asked about coneflowers is whether or not they can survive the winter.

Well, the answer is yes, coneflowers can survive the winter; however, there are a few things you need to do to make sure they stay healthy

  • To start with, you need to make sure that you plant your coneflowers in an area that gets full sun. They will also need well-drained soil, as they will not do well in soggy or waterlogged conditions.
  • Once you have found the perfect spot for your coneflowers, you need to make sure you water them regularly. They will need about an inch of water per week, so be sure to keep an eye on them during the summer months.
  • When winter comes, some extra steps need to be taken to ensure the survival of the coneflowers. First, you should cut back the dead leaves and stems from the plant. This will help to prevent the spread of disease.
  • Afterward, mulch around the base of the plant to help insulate it from the cold.

Also check out this article I wrote on do coneflowers need full sun

Can Potted Coneflowers Survive Winter?

Potted coneflower can survive winter, to a great extent; it is easier to manage a potted coneflower in winter than those planted in the garden.

Coneflowers are naturally drought tolerant; this is one feature they need to survive in a container.

As long as the roots of the plant aren’t affected by winter, then it will definitely re-emerge in spring.

One of the reasons this plant doesn’t need much water is that overwatering can lead to its death.

You may be wondering how this is possible.

Well, when this plant is over-watered, the water in the roots freezes, causing harm to the plant and in a worse scenario, the plant might die.

Knowing how to plant this potted flower is very important to its survival. Here are some tips to help you;

  • Ensure your potted coneflower is kept in partial shade for 2 to 3 days, and then place them in the full morning sun and partial afternoon shade.
  • Ensure you avoid their leaves when watering them, because this can lead to fungal diseases. Use an insecticidal soap or neem oil solution spray if you see any aphids or pests.
  • The best way to water them is by watering them deeply at the soil level. Check the soil every couple of weeks and water lightly when the top 3 inches are dry. 
  • To ensure your potted coneflower thrives in winter, you need to get it fertilized. Your potted coneflower should be fertilized regularly with a water-soluble 10-10-10 product.
  • The flower base of the coneflower should be Deadhead to ensure it continues to bloom.
  • In spring, after new growth has started, ensure you divide and repot the plant, this should be done every 3 to 4 years.


Perennial plants are plants that are able to live above two years.

And, since coneflowers are perennial plants, they can live for 3 years or even more. Although, some have been found to live up to 15 years.

These plants are not just known for their beautiful flowers, they are also known for their ability to survive the winter if you take the proper precautions.

To care for this plant, be sure to plant them in full sun and water them regularly, but not daily.

You should also check for pests and diseases as frequently as you can. Mulching is another way to care for this plant, mulch around the base of the plant in the winter.

With a little care, your coneflowers will thrive all year long.

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About the author

Alex Kountry

Alex Kountry is the founder of HayFarmGuy and has been a backyard farmer for over 10 years. Since then he has decided to write helpful articles that will help you become a better backyard farmer and know what to do. He also loves to play tennis and read books


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