Can Turkeys Eat Lettuce? (Answered)

by Alex Kountry
Updated on

Turkeys are beautiful birds that feed primarily on plants and leaves. Turkeys enjoy eating the growing tips of grass.

Adult turkeys will consume up to half of their food from pasture or range grass. They will also eat any kitchen or garden scraps, tomatoes, sweet corn, and summer squash.

In case you’re wondering, most vegetables are incredibly beneficial for turkeys and other bird species. As a result, it is natural to wonder if they eat lettuce as well. 

But, can turkeys eat lettuce? Let’s find that out.

Can Turkeys eat Lettuce?

Turkeys can eat lettuce. Lettuce is an excellent supplement to their diet. Additionally, because these birds are bred to be large, extra greens and roughage should be provided for their consumption.

Interestingly, these large birds enjoy eating this nutritious vegetable. Lettuce is highly nutritional and it helps to strengthen your turkey’s immune system as well. 

Asides from vegetables like lettuce, fruits are also good for turkeys. But it should be given in moderation due to its sugary content.

Continue reading for more information on feeding turkeys lettuce.

What Are the Benefits of Lettuce to Turkeys?

Lettuce, as a vegetable, has numerous health benefits for  turkeys. Some of which include;

1. It maintains their hydration levels

Lettuce is composed of 95% water. Lettuce will keep the turkeys hydrated in the absence of water.

Vegetables generally can help them stay hydrated. As a result, including it in their diet will be a good idea.

2. It has the potential to improve muscle strength and metabolism.

Turkeys are fidgety creatures. They are constantly active throughout the day. This can deplete the energy turkeys’ reserves.

The presence of potassium in lettuce may help to improve muscle strength. However, there is no research to back this up. 

Lettuce also contains nitrates, which have been shown to increase exercise capacity.

Although more research is needed, these may help with muscle strength and metabolism in turkeys’ overall health.

3. Immunity Booster

Lettuce is very rich in vitamins. The presence of Vitamin A and C in lettuce makes it a good option for boosting their immunity against diseases that can easily kill them.

Vitamin A also helps to keep their feathers glowing and smooth.  

4. It maintains a healthy digestive system: 

Turkeys are known to eat a lot of food because they are constantly active throughout the day and require a lot of energy.

The large amount of food they consume, if not digested, can cause health problems for them.

The fiber in lettuce aids digestion and protects turkeys from other digestive issues. Lettuce is also known to aid in the treatment of other issues such as indigestion in turkeys.

5. Lettuce is low in fat: 

Lettuce contains approximately 0.14g of fat for every 100g.

If you happen to have an overweight turkey, including lettuce in its diet supplies it with the necessary vitamins and minerals while aiding the turkey in losing weight. 

Here is an article I wrote on what do turkeys eat

How Often Should I Feed Them Lettuce?

Lettuce, due to its high nutritive value, has been shown in studies to improve the overall growth and health of turkeys when consumed daily.

That being said, while lettuce is beneficial to turkeys, moderation is essential. Lettuce can be fed to turkeys daily, but only in small amounts.

It is best to feed pet turkeys lettuce once a day and only as much as the turkey can eat in one meal.

This will keep your turkey happy to forage for food during the day while still providing adequate nutrition.

Can Baby Turkeys Eat Lettuce?

Baby turkeys can eat lettuce. If you’ve seen turkeys eat, you’d agree that it’s quite entertaining to watch.

This is because it’s like a competition for each of them to eat as much as they can. However, for them to eat it easily, the lettuce must be shredded into smaller pieces.

Baby turkey poults, like any other baby, require fresh food and water, as well as being kept clean and warm.

Poult or chicks are the names given to baby turkeys. Poult may grow to be large and strong.

However, the chicks are quite fragile in the first few weeks. Therefore, poults require 28% protein in their feed for the first 6–8 weeks. This is much higher than chickens’ requirement.

After 8 weeks, you can transition poults to feeds containing 18% protein.

Starch foods should be avoided at all costs until your chicks are 8 weeks old. At this point, they can be given vegetables like lettuce as a treat on occasion.

Do Wild Turkeys Eat Lettuce?

Lettuce is a favorite food of wild turkeys, and it can be a treat for them. Wild turkeys will consume all of their natural food requirements.

A versatile omnivorous diet allows them to find all of their required food in a relatively small area.

If wild turkeys are constantly fed in feeders, they may lose their natural fear of humans as well as their desire to forage for food. 

Birds find it difficult to find food during the winter season. As such, feeding wild birds is a fantastic idea especially during harsh weather conditions like winter. 

However, it is advisable not to feed them regularly after the winter is over. Ideally, wild birds should be fed at intervals.

Irregular feeding schedules will keep wild turkeys from becoming overly reliant on humans for survival.

Can Turkeys Eat Iceberg Lettuce?

Iceberg lettuce is not toxic. Therefore, it is safe for turkeys to consume. However, they should eat it only in limited quantities. Iceberg lettuce can cause diarrhea if consumed in large quantities.

Iceberg lettuce is also known as Crisphead lettuce. It is a type of lettuce with crisp leaves that grow in a spherical head that resembles a cabbage.

Turkeys consume iceberg lettuce a lot. But this vegetable should be fed to birds on rare occasions.

This is because iceberg lettuce contains mostly water. As a result, it offers only a little nutritional value for birds. 

Also check out this article I wrote on can turkeys eat oats

Things To Watch Out For Before Feeding Them Lettuce

In general, lettuce is safe to eat for birds. It’s not a very common allergen. Eating too much lettuce isn’t a big deal because it’s low in calories.

However, in recent years, there have been numerous reports of E. coli contamination of lettuce.

E. coli is a bacterium found in the environment, foods, and intestines of people and animals. This bacterium has been discovered to cause severe food poisoning. 

It is naturally necessary to clean the food we eat to avoid eating food that can cause illness.

Before feeding lettuce to turkeys, it must be thoroughly cleaned. We do not want to lose our feathered creatures. Hence, preventing serious health problems is critical.

Fortunately, there are several steps you can take to help ensure that turkeys do not become ill as a result of mycotoxin poisoning. Some of these steps include;

  • Maintaining a clean, dry, and cool storage area for food, grain, and hay.
  • Keep food storage areas free of mice, rats, and other wildlife. These animals can chew holes in food bags, increasing the likelihood of grain becoming damp.
  • Always feed the oldest food sources first. In the winter, try to use up open food bags within a few weeks of opening, and in the summer, even sooner.
  • Clean any storage bins or cans thoroughly to remove any old grain that may have become lodged in cracks and crevices.

How Can I Feed Lettuce to my Turkeys

Most times, it can get tedious feeding veggies to birds. While isn’t advisable to force food on birds, there are certain ways we can help them fall in love with vegetables.

Combining lettuce with your turkey’s favorite meal is a good way to feed them this vegetable. Turkeys eat a wild range of seeds and grains as well. 

Combining lettuce with these food choices doesn’t only make feeding fun; it also provides them with a healthy balanced diet.  

Wondering how to combine lettuce with other fruits? Let’s help you out with an easy-to-make salad recipe.

For this salad, you’d need

2 big lettuce leave.

½ portion of small cucumber (chopped)

1 Irish potato (chopped and cooked)

1 small carrot (chopped)

1 hard-boiled egg.


  • Peel and cut 1irish potato into a small cube. After that, cook until done. It should not, however, be too soft. 
  • Chop cucumbers into tiny pieces. Ensure to remove the cucumber seeds. 
  • Slice the boiled egg. We don’t want our turkeys to choke while they’re eating. It would be ideal to cut the egg into four pieces. However, for poults, you may need to cut them into smaller pieces. 
  • Finally, cut the lettuce into thin, fine pieces. 

And there you have it; your bird salad is ready to go.

In a mixing bowl, combine the sliced potatoes, cucumbers, and carrots. Mix everything until everything is well combined. Fill the turkey’s feeder with the mixture. Then, place the lettuce and egg over the mixture and serve to turkey.


Lettuce is an excellent source of protein for turkeys. It promotes healthy growth in them. This vegetable contains a high percentage of water (95%).

It will always keep the birds hydrated, even if there is no water nearby.

Turkeys should be fed lettuce daily as a treat to improve their metabolism and prevent digestive problems.

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About the author

Alex Kountry

Alex Kountry is the founder of HayFarmGuy and has been a backyard farmer for over 10 years. Since then he has decided to write helpful articles that will help you become a better backyard farmer and know what to do. He also loves to play tennis and read books


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