How to Prune a Fig Bush

by Alex Kountry
Updated on

If you have a fig bush that’s getting out of control, you may need to prune it back. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to prune a fig bush.

Checkout this video:

Pruning a Fig Bush

Pruning a fig bush is an important step in keeping the bush healthy and productive. Fig bushes need to be pruned in late winter or early spring, before new growth begins. There are a few different ways to prune a fig bush, and the method you use will depend on the type of bush you have.

Why prune a fig bush

Pruning a fig bush helps to ensure that the plant produces healthy fruit, and also makes it easier to harvest the figs. The best time to prune a fig bush is in late winter or early spring, before the new growth begins.

To prune a fig bush, first remove any dead or diseased branches. Next, cut back any branches that are crowding or rubbings against other branches. Finally, trim back any long or wayward branches.

When to prune a fig bush

Pruning a fig bush is best done in late winter or early spring, before the sap starts to flow and the leaves begin to bud. You can also prune in late summer or early fall, after the figs have ripened, but this risks damage to the next year’s crop.

How to prune a fig bush

Pruning a fig bush helps to promote fruit production, ensure tasty fruit, and keep the plant healthy. The ideal time to prune your fig bush is in late winter or early spring, before new growth begins.

Here are some tips on how to prune a fig bush:

-Start by removing any dead, diseased, or damaged branches. Cut these branches back to the main trunk or to healthy side branches.
-Next, remove anycross-branches or branches that are rubbing against each other. These branches can create wounds that are entry points for diseases.
-Thin out the branch tips to promote air circulation and reduce the risk of fungal diseases. You can also remove any suckers (new growth that sprouts from the roots) at this time.
-Finally, cut back any remaining branches by one-third to one-half their length. This will encourage new growth and fruit production.

Types of Pruning

Pruning is the process of removing dead, diseased, or damaged branches from a plant. It can also be used to control the shape and size of a plant. There are two main types of pruning: formative and rejuvenative. Formative pruning is done to young plants to encourage the desired growth pattern. Rejuvenative pruning is done to older plants to improve their health, appearance, or yield.

Topping

Topping is the most severe type of pruning and is only necessary if the fig bush is completely out of control. Topping involves cutting the main stem of the plant back to 2 to 3 feet above ground level. This will result in a large number of new shoots developing from the cut surface. These new shoots will need to be pruned back hard (to about 6 inches) in subsequent years to maintain a compact plant.

Heading

Pruning a fig bush is essential to keeping the plant healthy and productive. The type of pruning you do will depend on the age and condition of the bush, as well as the time of year. There are three main types of pruning:

-Sanitation pruning is done to remove dead, diseased, or damaged branches. This type of pruning is important to prevent the spread of disease and pests.
-Fruiting pruning is done to encourage fruit production. This type of pruning is typically done in late winter or early spring.
-Structural pruning is done to shape the plant and promote healthy growth. This type of pruning can be done at any time of year, but is typically done in late winter or early spring.

Thinning

Thinning is generally done for two reasons: to remove crossing, rubbing, or diseased branches, and to reduce the density of the foliage. This will increase air and light penetration, which will reduce the incidence of disease and improve fruit production. When thinning, always make your cuts just above a bud or branch that is pointing in the desired direction of growth.

Tools for Pruning

Pruning shears are the basic tool for pruning most types of fig bushes. You will also need a pruning saw for larger branches. A pole pruner can be helpful for reaching high branches.

Secateurs

Fig bushes can become quite large and unruly if left unchecked, so regular pruning is essential to keeping them in shape. The best time to prune your fig bush is in late winter or early spring, before the new growth appears.

When it comes to the tools you’ll need, a pair of good quality secateurs is an absolute must – they’ll make quick work of any small branches you need to remove. For larger branches, you’ll need a pruning saw. To avoid damaging the bark of the tree, always make sure your saw is sharp and use a gentle back and forth motion.

Loppers

Loppers are long-handled pruning shears with blades that open and close like scissors. The cutting jaws may be straight or curved. Many loppers have a compound action, which multiplies your leverage to make cutting easier. Some loppers also have a ratchet action, which lets you make several partial cuts before fully closing the blades on the branch. Depending on the model, loppers can cut branches up to 2 or 3 inches in diameter.

Anvil loppers have one straight blade that closes against a flat surface, or anvil. This type of lopper is best for cutting dead or dry wood because the anvil can crush soft tissue as you cut through it. This isn’t an issue with live wood because the sap will push the anvil out of the way as you make your cut. Bypass loppers have two curved blades that open and close past each other like scissors. This type of lopper is better for live wood because it minimizes tearing and crushing of plant tissue as you make your cut.

Shears

Shears are the most common tool used for pruning. They come in a variety of sizes and styles, but all shears have two cutting blades that come together in a scissor-like motion. Hand pruners are smaller shears that can be operated with one hand, and are great for small branches. Loppers are larger shears that require two hands to operate, and are perfect for bigger branches.

There are also specialized types of shears available for certain tasks. Anvil pruners have one sharp blade that cuts against a flat surface, while bypass pruners have two sharp blades that cut past each other like scissors. Hedge shears are long-handled shears designed specifically for trimming hedges.

How to Prune a Fig Bush

Pruning a fig bush can be a bit daunting if you’ve never done it before. But don’t worry, we’ll walk you through it step by step. First, you’ll want to remove any dead or diseased branches. Then, you’ll want to cut back any overgrown branches. Finally, you’ll want to thin out the bush to allow more sunlight and air circulation.

Step 1: Assess the plant

Determining how to prune your fig bush will depend on the age and health of the plant. A young fig bush, less than three years old, should be pruned to encourage new growth. An older fig bush, three years or older, should be pruned to foster fruit production. assess the plant to determine its age and health.

If the plant is less than three years old, it will need to be pruned to encourage new growth. Cut away any dead or damaged branches, as well as any branches that are growing in an undesirable direction. When cutting away branches, make sure to cut them back to a point where they intersect with another branch.

If the plant is three years or older, it should be pruned to promote fruit production. Cut away any dead or damaged branches, as well as any branches that are not producing fruit. When cutting away branches, make sure to cut them back to a point where they intersect with another branch that is producing fruit.

Step 2: Select the right tools

To stimulate growth and produce fruit, fig bushes need to be pruned annually. The best time to prune is in late winter or early spring, before new growth begins. You will need a sharp pair of pruning shears and a small saw for branches that are too thick to be cut with shears.

When selecting pruning tools, look for gloves that fit snugly so you can have a good grip on the tools. It’s also important to choose gloves that are made of breathable material so your hands don’t get too sweaty while you’re working.

Step 3: Make the cut

With your pruning shears in hand, make a 45-degree cut just above a strong bud or stem that is pointing in the direction you want the branch to grow. The cut should be about ¼ inch above the bud or stem.

After Pruning

Pruning a fig bush is a simple process that can be done with a few household tools. The most important thing to remember when pruning a fig bush is to prune it after the harvest. This will ensure that the fig bush has time to recover from the pruning and produce a good crop the following year.

Watering

Proper watering is essential to the health of your fig bush. Watering should be done on a regular basis and deep enough that the water penetrates the root system. After pruning, water your fig bush deeply to help it recover from the stress of pruning.

Fertilizing

After you have pruned your fig bush, it is important to fertilize it. This will help it to recover from the pruning and produce new growth. Use a balanced fertilizer that is high in nitrogen, such as 10-10-10. Apply the fertilizer in early spring, before new growth begins. Spread it around the base of the plant, out to the dripline (the outer edge of the branches). Water the fertilizer in well.

Photo of author

About the author

Alex Kountry

Alex Kountry is the founder of HayFarmGuy and has been a backyard farmer for over 10 years. Since then he has decided to write helpful articles that will help you become a better backyard farmer and know what to do. He also loves to play tennis and read books