How to Prune Your Philodendron for Optimal Growth

by Alex Kountry
Updated on

How to Prune Your Philodendron for Optimal Growth – Learn the best techniques for pruning your philodendron to encourage new growth and prevent disease.

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Philodendrons (Philodendron spp.) are a genus of approximately 425 species of flowering plants in the family Araceae. Native to tropical America, they are commonly found as houseplants due to their tolerance of low light levels. While philodendrons will grow and flower in low light, they will produce larger leaves and more flowers if given bright, indirect light. The philodendron is an evergreen climber that can reach heights of 20 feet or more in its natural habitat. Philodendrons grown indoors are usually much smaller, but can still reach heights of 6 to 10 feet.

What is Philodendron?

Philodendron is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Araceae. As of September 2015, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families accepted 489 species; other estimates make the number of accepted species much higher, including over 750 species and subspecies. Many are cultivated as ornamental and indoor plants due to their large, showy leaves, and these philodendrons are often referred to as foliage plants. Some species are suitable as houseplants due to their decorative leaves, while others grow to be very large and are more suited to outdoor gardens.

Philodendrons are native to tropical regions of the Americas and can be found in rainforests, swamps, and mountains. Many species are epiphytic, meaning they grow on other plants or trees; others are terrestria

Benefits of Philodendron

Philodendrons are a popular choice for indoor plants, mainly because they are so easy to care for. They are also very versatile, and can be used as both trailing and climbing plants. Although they do not require pruning, regular pruning will help to promote growth and keep your plant looking its best.

There are many benefits to pruning your philodendron. Pruning will encourage new growth, which means your plant will become fuller and more lush. Pruning also allows you to shape your plant to suit your own individual taste. If you want a trailing philodendron, then you will need to prune the stems regularly to prevent them from becoming too long. Alternatively, if you want a climbing philodendron, then you can allow the stems to grow longer and train them to climb up a support.

Pruning is also beneficial for the health of your plant. It helps to remove any dead or dying leaves or stems, which can cause problems if left unchecked. It also helps to keep the leaves clean and free from dust or debris. Regular pruning will also promote better air circulation around the plant, which is important for preventing fungal diseases.

So, as you can see, there are many benefits to pruning your philodendron on a regular basis. The best time to prune is in early spring, just before the new growth season begins. However, you can prune at any time of year if necessary. Simply use a sharp pair of secateurs or shears and cut back any stems that are overlong or diseased.

How to Prune Your Philodendron

Pruning your philodendron is a necessary task to keep your plant healthy and growing properly. You should prune your philodendron every six to eight weeks.Philodendron are fast-growing plants and will quickly become overgrown if they are not pruned on a regular basis.

Step One: Assess the Plant

The first step in pruning your philodendron is to assess the plant. Take a look at the overall shape and structure of the plant and identify any areas that are overgrown or unruly. Also, look for any dead or dying leaves or stems that need to be removed. Once you have a good idea of what needs to be done, you can start pruning.

Step Two: Prune Dead or Damaged Leaves

Pruning your philodendron regularly is important to its health and vigor. By removing dead or damaged leaves, you allow the plant to focus its energy on new growth. Pruning also encourages the plant to produce bushier, fuller growth.

To prune your philodendron, start by finding a clean, sharp pair of pruning shears. You will also need a small bowl of water and a clean cloth. Dip the blades of your shears into the water bowl between cuts to sterilize them and prevent the spread of disease.

Now, begin pruning your plant by removing any dead or damaged leaves. Cut these leaves off at the base of the stem, as close to the main stem as possible. Once you have removed all of the dead or damaged leaves, you can begin trimming back any long vines. Trim these vines back to about 6-8 inches in length.

After you have finished pruning, take a clean cloth and wipe down the blades of your shears. This will remove any sap or debris that could infect other plants if you use your shears on them before cleaning them thoroughly.

Step Three: Trim Leggy Growth

Leggy growth is characterized by long stems with few leaves. This often happens when the plant is not getting enough light. To fix this, trim the leggy growth back to about six inches above the soil line. This will encourage the plant to produce more leaves and become fuller.

Step Four: Fertilize and Water

After you have pruned your philodendron, it is important to fertilize and water it to encourage new growth. You can use a standard houseplant fertilizer, or you can compost your philodendron leaves to create a nutrient-rich soil amendment.

Water your philodendron regularly, making sure the soil is evenly moist but not soggy. Allow the top inch of soil to dry out between watering. too much water can cause root rot, so be sure to drain any excess water from the saucer beneath the pot.

If you see yellow leaves on your philodendron, this may be a sign of over-fertilization. Cut back on fertilizer and increase the frequency of watering to leach excess nutrients from the soil.


In conclusion, regular pruning of your philodendron is necessary for optimal growth. Be sure to remove any dead or dying leaves and stems, as well as any that are crossing or rubbing against each other. You should also trim back any leggy growth. Doing this will encourage your plant to produce new, healthy growth and will keep it looking its best.

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About the author

Alex Kountry

Alex Kountry is the founder of HayFarmGuy and has been a backyard farmer for over 10 years. Since then he has decided to write helpful articles that will help you become a better backyard farmer and know what to do. He also loves to play tennis and read books